One sided headache / Migraine

Migraine

Definition of One-sided headache


The migraine could be a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are mild to severe. Typically, episodes affect one side of the top, are pulsating in nature, and last from a couple of hours to few days. The symptoms are nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light or sound. The pain is usually made worse by physical activity, although regular exercise may have prophylactic effects. Up to one-third of individuals affected have an aura: typically a brief period of visual disturbance that signals that the headache will soon occur. Occasionally, this condition occurs with little or no headache thereafter.


Some hypothesis, migraine is believed to flow from to a mix of environmental and genetic factors. About two-thirds of cases run in families. Changing hormone levels can also play a task, as migraine affects slightly more boys than girls before puberty and two to 3 times more women than men. most of the migraine usually decreases during pregnancy and after menopause but in men, it can persist for long periods. Here believed, involve blood vessels and nerve.


Medication for nausea, vomiting, or such that gives relief to some extent.



Symptoms


This one-sided headache, which frequently begins in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood can progress through some stages like: 

  • prodrome 
  • aura 
  • attack 
  • post-drome


Prodrome

One or two days before a migraine, you would possibly notice subtle changes that warn of an upcoming migraine, including:

  • Constipation
  • Mood changes, from depression to euphoria
  • Food cravings
  • Neck stiffness
  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Frequent yawning


Aura

Aura might occur before or during migraines for somebody. Auras are reversible symptoms of the systema nervosum They're usually visual, but also can include other disturbances. The symptoms usually begin gradually, grow up over several minutes, and lasts for long hours. Examples of migraine aura include:

  • Visual phenomena, like seeing various shapes, bright spots, or flashes of sunshine 
  • Vision loss
  • Weakness or numbness within the face or one side of the body
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Hearing noises or music
  • Uncontrollable jerking or other movements


Attack

This type of headache usually lasts from four to 72 hours or more if left untreated. How often migraines occur varies from person to person. It may occur several times a month but rarely.

During a migraine, you would possibly have:

  • The pain usually on one side of your head, but often on each side 
  • Pain that throbs or pulses
  • It is very common for migraine that patient is very sensitive to light, sound, and sometimes smell and touch
  • Nausea and vomiting


Post-drome

After a migraine attack, you would possibly feel drained, confused, and washed out for up to each day. Some people report feeling relaxed. Sudden head movement may cause the pain again.

Even if you've got a history of headaches, see your doctor if the pattern changes or your headaches suddenly feel different.


Go to your doctor immediately or attend the ER if you've got any of the subsequent signs and symptoms, which could indicate a more serious medical problem:

  • An abrupt, severe headache sort of a thunderclap
  • Headache with fever, stiff neck, confusion, seizures, diplopia, weakness, numbness, or trouble speaking
  • If you feel a headache after any trauma or injury especially on the head, and the headache worsens
  • A chronic headache that's worse after coughing, exertion, straining, or a sudden movement
  • New headache pain after age 50


Causes


Although the cause of migraine is not clearly revealed out

Changes within the brainstem and its interactions with the trigeminal, a serious pain pathway, could be involved. There may imbalances in neurotransmitters of the brain — including serotonin, which helps regulate pain in your systema nervosum.

On study, the role of the neurotransmitter serotonin in migraines. Other neurotransmitters may play a role within the pain of migraine, including calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) or many others.


Migraine triggers

There are a variety of migraine triggers, including:

  • A specific hormonal change in women. The variation in estrogen before or during menstrual periods, pregnancy and menopause, seem to trigger headaches in many ladies or girls.
  • Sometimes female takes oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy which can also worsen migraines. Some women find their migraines occurring less often when taking these medications and it depends upon physical condition or individualization, which is considered in the Homeopathic mode of the system.
  • Some drinks like alcohol, especially wine, and too much amount of coffee.
  • Stress at work or home is another big causation of migraines.
  • The sensory stimuli, Bright lights, and sunlight exposure can induce migraines, or by high pitch sounds. Somebody experienced strong smells of perfume, paint thinner, secondhand smoke, or like that, trigger migraines.
  • Sleep changes. Missing sleep, getting an excessive amount of sleep or fatigue can trigger migraines in some people.
  • Physical factors. An intense workout, including sexual intercourse, might provoke migraines.
  • Weather changes. A change of weather or atmospheric pressure can prompt a migraine.
  • Some medications, like oral contraceptives and vasodilators, such as nitroglycerin, may aggravate migraines.
  • Some foods like aged cheeses and salty and processed foods might trigger migraines. So might skipping meals or fasting.


Migraine affects kids, too.


One sided headache

  • Migraine often goes undiagnosed in children.
  • About 10% of school-age children suffer from migraines, and up to twenty-eight of adolescents between the ages of 15-19 are suffering from them.
  • Most of all migraine sufferers have their first attack before the age of 12 -14   years or onset of menstruation for females Recently, infant colic was found to be related to childhood migraine and should even be an early sort of migraine.
  • Children that suffer are absent from school twice as often as children without migraine.
  • In childhood, boys suffer from migraines more often than girls; as adolescence approaches, the incidence increases sooner in girls than in boys.
  • A child who has one parent with migraine features a 50% chance of inheriting it, and if both parents have migraine, the probabilities rise to 75%.


Migraine may be a nervous disorder with extremely incapacitating neurological symptoms.

  • It’s typically a severe throbbing recurring pain, usually on one side of the top. But in about 1/3 of attacks, each side is affected.
  • Attacks are often amid one or more of the subsequent disabling symptoms: visual disturbances, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, extreme sensitivity to sound, light, touch, and smell, and tingling or numbness within the extremities or face.
  • About 25% of migraine sufferers even have a visible disturbance called an aura, which usually lasts but an hour.
  • In 15-20% of attacks, other neurological symptoms occur before the particular head pain.
  • Attacks usually last between 4 and 72 hours.

Migraine is that the commonest explanation for recurrent, severe headaches. it's experienced at some point by over 20% of girls and over 10% men. The tendency to suffer from migraine features a genetic basis, but individual attacks could also be triggered by internal or external influences, or just come by themselves for no apparent reason. The name ‘migraine’ originally comes from the Greek word hemicrania, meaning ‘half of the head’, representing one among the foremost striking features of the condition: that in many cases pain only affects one-half the top. Equally commonly, however, pain is felt bilaterally, at the front or the rear of the top, more rarely within the face, and rarer still within the body (‘migrainous corpalgia’). The pain is usually throbbing in nature and typically made worse by any sort of movement or maybe modest exertion. the bulk of migraine attacks are severe or a minimum of moderately so.

The pain of migraine is usually  other features like 

  • nausea 
  • dizziness 
  • extreme sensitivity to lights, noises, and smells 
  • lack of appetite
  • disturbances of bowel function


Chronic migraine symptoms


Symptoms of chronic migraine occur a minimum of 15 days in a month and for a minimum of three consecutive months. A chronic migraine must also involve two of the subsequent migraine characteristics for a minimum of eight days during a month:


  • causes moderate to severe pain
  • predominantly affects one side of the top 
  • causes a throbbing, pulsating sensation within the side of the brain suffering from the headache
  • begins or is formed worse thanks to routine physical activity, like walking or cleaning


Causes

Migraines aren't understood well by doctors and researchers. Possible causes are identified, but definitive answers haven't yet been discovered. Some theories on what causes migraine include:

  • Central systema nervosum disorder: An underlying neurological condition that might trigger chronic migraines.
  • Chemical imbalances: Proper brain function requires that each one chemical is evenly matched and every nerve pathways are clear. within the event any of those things are interrupted, migraine headaches may occur.
  • Genetic factors: If an in-depth loved one, like a parent or sibling, has experienced migraine headaches, your chances of getting migraines increase.
  • Vascular irregularities: Problems with the form, size, or blood flow in vessels to or inside your brain may cause migraine headaches.


In some cases, chronic migraines could also be an underlying symptom of another serious condition. Conditions that would cause chronic migraines include:

  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Inflammation or other problems with blood vessels within the brain, including stroke
  • Infections like meningitis
  • Brain tumors
  • Intracranial pressure that’s too low or too high


Precaution

  • To avoid loud noise, that can stimulate the neurotransmitter and provoke headache
  • Bright light can provoke headache because severe headache can have photophobia
  • Pay attention to food choices, some foods like cheese, alcohol, chocolate may increase the intensity of headache
  • Keep a headache diary, if you maintain a diary, you can estimate proper trigger time
  • Beware of hormonal changes, when hormone changes occur such as at the age 12 - 14 years or adolescent comes or pregnancy period or menopausal period etc.
  • Take supplements, some lacking mineral can enhance migraine-like magnesium or like that, so you have to take fresh vegetable abundantly
  • Pay attention to the weather, sometimes weather changes can initiate headache
  • Eat and sleep on a regular schedule
  • To avoid stress, because stress and strain might initiate headache as well

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