Solid and fluid edema


What is edema? (Expert Homeopathy: Dr. Anutosh Chakraborty)

Edema means abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissue space and serous sacs. The liquid might be unusually collected in free subcutaneous tissue like the lower eyelid, tissues in outside genitalia, serous sacs like peritoneum, pleura, pericardium, dependent part of the body like leg, etc.

  • Enlarged, extended, and sparkling skin
  • skin that holds a dimple following a couple of moments of strain
  • Swelling of under eyes, whole face, and foot
  • throbbing body parts and firm joints
  • weight gain or weight reduction
  • diminished pee creation
  • more full hand and neck veins
  • visual inconsistencies


There are many sorts of edema. Every one can demonstrate a scope of additional medical issue.

Peripheral edema: This influences the feet, lower legs, legs, hands, and arms. Side effects incorporate expanding, puffiness, and trouble moving specific pieces of the body.

Pulmonary edema: This happens when an abundance of liquid gathers in the lungs, making breathing troublesome. This can result from congestive cardiovascular breakdown or intense lung injury. It is a significant condition, it tends to be a health related crisis, and it can prompt respiratory disappointment and demise.

Cerebral edema: This happens in the mind. It can occur for a scope of reasons, a considerable lot of which are possibly hazardous. Such as
  • Migraine
  • Neck pain or solidness
  • Entire or halfway vision misfortune
  • Changes in cognizance or mental state
  • Queasiness
Macular edema: This is a significant complexity of diabetic retinopathy. Enlarging happens in the macular, which is the piece of the eye that empowers itemized, focal vision. The individual might see changes to their focal vision and how they see tones.
Pitting edema: With this kind, which can happen in fringe edema, pressure applied to the skin leaves an indent or pit in the skin.

Periorbital edema: This alludes to irritation and puffiness around the eye or eyes. The puffiness is because of liquid development and is typically brief.
Edema can also happen in different areas, however those referenced above are the most well-known.

Edema can demonstrate one of numerous serious ailments. An individual genuinely should check with a specialist in the event that they are worried about any sort of enlarging.

Formation, and cause of fluid edema -

1) Primary factors -

A) Increased capillary permeability - Permeability of the capillaries may be increased due to the anoxic condition or action of toxins. Increased capillary permeability allows excess fluid and plasma along with plasma proteins to pass into the tissue space. But once the proteins start coming out of the vessels, a vicious cycle will start. Thus, tissue osmotic pressure will rise and colloidal osmotic pressure of blood will fall and ultimately more and more fluid will come to the tissue space. Protein molecules will attract electrolytes along with water.

Cause - Inflammatory edema: it may be-
a) Local cause - Injury to the blood vessels by urns chemicals and infection will produce edema.
b) Systemic cause - Bacterial toxins and some chemicals associated with anoxia will produce congestive cardiac failure and cause edema.

B) Lowering of Colloidal Osmotic Pressure - If there is a lowering of plasma proteins below 4gm%, there will be a lowering of colloidal osmotic pressure and the binding force of protein will be less, as a result, a sufficient amount of fluid will escape out of the vessels to the tissue.

Cause - 

a) Edema of Malnutrition - It is due to hypoproteinaemia.
b) Edema due to Renal disease - 
  • Acute glomerulonephritis
  • Sub-acute glomerulonephritis
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Severe anemia may due to chronic blood loss, hookworm infection, etc.

C) Increased capillary hydrostatic pressure.

2) Secondary factors -

A) Increased tissue osmotic pressure
B) Sodium chloride retention
C) Effects of hormone - Anti-diuretic (ADH) of posterior pituitary and aldosterone of the adrenal cortex have some role in the formation of edema.
D) Nervous control - Hupothalamus has some role in water balance. So, if there is any derangement of hypothalamic function, edema may be produced.

Formation, and cause of Solid edema - (Expert Homeopathy: Dr. Anutosh Chakraborty)

Solid edema forms due to lymphatic obstruction. It is due to the retention of protein in the tissue space. The tissue will be pale, swollen, and inelastic but tough. There will e overgrowth of connective tissue and thickening of the skin(Elephantiasis).

Causes -

Lymphatic obstruction due to filariasis

Congenital diseases like Milroy's disease

Fibrosis following infection or irradiation

Streptococcal infection of lymph glands

Tuberculosis of lymph glands

Removal of lymph glands

Malignant disease like Carcinoma breast where carcinoma cell will block the lymph passage.


Diuretics are a sort of prescription. They help dispose of overabundance of liquid by expanding the pace of pee creation by the kidneys. Various sorts work in various ways.

A specialist will suggest a particular treatment plan for macular edema, pneumonic edema, and different sorts of edema.

An individual with edema could likewise have a go at wearing pressure pieces of clothing and doing explicit activities to help.


Wearing pressure stockings can assist with diminishing the expanding and inconvenience related with edema.
Some taking care of oneself methods can help diminish or forestall edema.
Decreasing salt admission
  • lose your weight
  • Getting standard activity
  • Raising the legs when conceivable to further develop course
  • Wearing supporting stockings, which are accessible to buy on the web
  • Not sitting or stopping for a really long time
  • Getting up and strolling about routinely while voyaging
  • Staying away from limits of temperature, like hot showers, showers, and saunas
  • Dressing comfortably in chilly climate
  • A masseuse or actual specialist might assist with eliminating the liquid by stroking immovably toward the heart.

Oxygen might be helpful for treating a few kinds of edema. For instance, a person with cardiogenic pneumonic edema might require extra oxygen, assuming they experience issues taking sufficiently in.

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