Patellar Spur: Cause, Diagnosis, Prevention, Treatment

Patellar Spur

Introduction-

The Patella is the largest sesamoid bone, it is situated in front of the knee joint in the tendon of the quadriceps femoris. It is made of a condensed part of the insertion of the muscle tendon. This is a spongy structure in front of the femora-tubular joint.


The spur is a projection-like structure and it is seen generally joint portion of dependent parts. Such as Calcaneal spur, Patellar spur, etc,.

The main causation is when calcium metabolism decreases in the body, this type of projection o loose bones can be seen in X-ray plates...



Osteophytes

Osteophytes can occur for many reasons, including chronic stress, friction, or pressure. Mini-injuries stimulate the body, and the build-up of more of the bones while it's trying to repair itself. 

Osteophytes can be found all over the body including your back, neck, shoulder, knee, heel, toe, back, or hip.
Osteophytes are usually asymptomatic so that a person can be stimulated bone formation(right), for many years, and it is not aware of it. 
The symptoms depend on the location of the result. A bone spur in the knee can cause pain when the knee is bent, as an extension to the spinal cord that can occur to the nerves, causing numbness in the extremities. 
As osteophytes causing pain, non-surgical treatment is usually recommended at first. Treatment may include: 
Anti-inflammatory drugs 
Physical therapy 
Corticosteroid injections.



Causation / Etiology

As the cartilage degenerates, the area of the underside of the kneecap (patella), femur (thigh bone), and the lower leg bone (the tibia) begin to exert direct pressure on themselves. If there is a bot of pressure on the bone, for a cascade of cellular reactions leading to the formation of cells, which is called the "osteoblast", which started with the building of new bone tissue in the region where the bone has been damaged. It is true, osteoarthritis differs significantly from one of the other common joint diseases called rheumatoid arthritis. Bone spurs are not present in rheumatoid arthritis, because the cellular processes that are affected are provided, both with little to no growth in the body in general. Without the creation of a new bone in the knee joint from collapsing completely, and it will cease to function.



The diagnosis of, and treatment for patellar spurs 

A detailed medical history will be taken out. - Existing illness and/or injury of a key to the understanding of the development of osteoarthritis (OA). 
A thorough medical examination will be carried out. The mobility of the knee joint, the elasticity and strength of the muscles will be monitored. 
Medical imaging studies may be ordered for you to read. X-ray and/or magnetic resonance imaging can be used to make bone spurs, as well as the degeneration of the articular cartilage. 


In the treatment of a bone spur, depending on the type of train and the location. Surgical treatment is always the first to be tested. Changes in the activity of ice cream, medicine, injections, and physical therapy can all be helpful. 

If the symptoms of arthritis of the joints, and bone spurs do not go away after the completion of the conservative treatment, orthopedic, surgery may be required. This is something that is best discussed with an orthopedic specialist because of this disease.



Prevention / Exercise

1. Knee Exercises: how to Stretch the Quadriceps muscle 
It extends to the front of the thigh 

Stand behind a sturdy chair, or in the vicinity of the wall, and keep your balance. 
Bend your knees and pull your heel toward your buttock. 
Put your hand on your foot and pull your heel closer to your body. 
Press and hold the stretch for 30 to 60 seconds. 
Repeat with the other leg, and then repeat that two more times. 


2. Knee Exercises: Hamstring Tear 
Extends to the back of the thigh and knee 

Lie on the floor with both legs bent and your feet flat on the floor. 
Then, lift one leg off the floor and the knee in towards your chest. 
Put your hands on your hips and below the knee. (You can also wrap a towel around your thighs and grab it at the end of it as it is.)
Straighten your leg and pull it into your head until you feel a stretch. 
Press and hold the stretch for 30 to 60 seconds. 
Repeat with the other leg, and then repeat that two more times. 


3. Knee Exercises: Straight Leg Lift 
Reinforced to the front of the thigh. 

Lie on the floor with your elbows under your shoulders and your upper body to provide support. 
Keep your shoulders and neck relaxed. 
Place the leg on the injured knee is directly in front of you and then bend the other leg so that the foot is flat on the floor. 
Tighten the muscles of the right leg, and slowly increasing from 6 to 10 cm) off the floor. 
Hold this position for 5 seconds, then relax and let your feet firmly on the ground. Repeat this process for each of the three sets of 10. 


4. Knee Exercises: Thighs 
Enhances the rear end of the upper leg 

Stand behind a sturdy chair, or in the vicinity of the wall, and keep your balance. 
Do you have painful knees, and raise your heel up to the ceiling as far as possible without pain. 
Press and hold this position for 5 seconds and then relax.

This exercise must follow two times a day at the same time.



Investigation

St. X-ray can be helpful for revealing the patellar spur. Showing a projection-like structure below or above the patella.



Treatment

Homeopathic medicine is a good choice for this disease as in conservative treatment homeopathic bone healing medicine quite good along with exercise.

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